As Maryland continues to champion renewable energy, one of the most innovative and promising developments in the solar industry is floating solar farms, or “floatovoltaics.” These systems, designed to float on bodies of water like dams, reservoirs, and even large ponds, offer a range of benefits, including increased efficiency, lower installation costs, and water conservation. In this blog post, we’ll delve into how floatovoltaics work, their advantages, and why they are an excellent option for Maryland’s solar energy landscape.

What Are Floating Solar Farms?

Floating solar farms are photovoltaic (PV) systems specifically designed to be installed on water bodies. Instead of traditional land-based solar panels, these systems are mounted on floating platforms that rest on the surface of water. The concept leverages the unused surface area of water bodies, turning them into productive energy-generating spaces.

Advantages of Floating Solar Farms

  1. Increased Efficiency
    • Cooling Effect: Water’s natural cooling effect helps maintain the optimal temperature of solar panels, enhancing their efficiency by up to 10% compared to land-based systems​ (AltEnergyMag)​.
    • Reduced Dust and Debris: Water bodies typically have less dust and debris than land, which means the panels stay cleaner and maintain their efficiency for longer periods.
  2. Lower Installation Costs
    • Utilizing Unused Space: Floating solar farms do not compete with land for agricultural, residential, or commercial uses, making them a cost-effective solution. They also avoid the costs associated with land acquisition.
    • Simplified Infrastructure: The installation process can be simpler and less invasive than land-based installations, as it often requires fewer ground preparations.
  3. Water Conservation
    • Reduced Evaporation: By covering the surface of water bodies, floating solar panels can significantly reduce water evaporation. This is particularly beneficial in reservoirs used for drinking water, irrigation, or hydroelectric power generation​ (AltEnergyMag)​.
    • Algae Growth Prevention: The shade provided by the panels can help prevent the growth of algae, which can improve water quality and reduce maintenance costs.

Why Floating Solar Farms Are Perfect for Maryland

Maryland’s diverse water bodies and strong commitment to renewable energy make it an ideal location for floating solar farms. Here are some reasons why floatovoltaics are a perfect fit for the state:

  1. Abundant Water Resources
    • Maryland is home to numerous lakes, reservoirs, and ponds that can be utilized for floating solar installations. These water bodies provide ample space for large-scale solar projects without disrupting existing land use.
  2. Renewable Energy Goals
    • Maryland has set ambitious renewable energy targets, aiming for 50% renewable energy by 2030. Floating solar farms can play a significant role in achieving these goals by adding substantial solar capacity quickly and efficiently.
  3. Environmental Benefits
    • By integrating floatovoltaics, Maryland can enhance its environmental conservation efforts. The reduced evaporation and algae growth contribute to better water resource management, aligning with the state’s sustainability initiatives.
  4. Economic Benefits
    • The development of floating solar farms can create jobs in installation, maintenance, and monitoring, boosting the local economy. Additionally, the increased efficiency and lower installation costs can provide more affordable renewable energy options for residents and businesses.


Floating solar farms represent a cutting-edge approach to renewable energy that Maryland is well-positioned to embrace. With their increased efficiency, lower costs, and environmental benefits, floatovoltaics can significantly contribute to the state’s renewable energy landscape. As Maryland continues to lead in green energy initiatives, floating solar farms offer a bright and sustainable future for solar power in the region.

If you’re interested in exploring the potential of floating solar farms for your property or community, contact us at Renewable Energy Solar. Our team of experts is ready to help you harness the power of the sun with innovative and efficient solar solutions.